The increasing level of pollution has led to contamination of air which is extremely unhealthy for people. According to reports by the Global Burden of Disease, published by a leading newspaper in India, outdoor air pollution has become the fifth largest cause of deaths by disease in the country. In the same report, indoor air pollution was rated the second largest cause of early deaths. 

Some of the main pollutants of air are:

  1. Sulfur Dioxide: When breathed in, it irritates the nose, throat, and airways, resulting in coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, or a tight feeling in the chest. People with asthma or similar condition are at the highest risk of getting affected by Sulfur dioxide.
  2. Nitrogen: It reacts with ammonia, moisture, and other compounds to form small particles. These small particles penetrate deeply into sensitive parts of the lungs, causing respiratory diseases such as emphysema and bronchitis, and even worsen heart diseases.
  3. Ozone: Tropospheric or ground level ozone is created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds (VOC). It is also the main ingredient in "smog". Breathing ozone can trigger a variety of health problems including chest pain, coughing, throat irritation, and congestion. It can worsen bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma; it can also affect the functioning of the lungs and inflame it's linings. People with asthma, children, and older people are most susceptible to suffer majorly because of ozone exposure.
  4. PM10 and PM2.5 : PM10 is a particulate matter which is 10 micrometers or less in diameter, while PM2.5 is a particulate matter which is 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter. These particles are commonly dust, particulate matter, inhalable particles, respiratory particles, smoke, mist, etc.

    They can have toxic effects on the body if they are poisonous in nature and are absorbed in the blood, (e.g. lead, cadmium, zinc). They can have allergic or hypersensitive effects, cause bacterial and fungal infections, fibrosis, and even cancer. They aggravate respiratory problems such as asthma.

  5. Carbon monoxide: It is an odorless, colorless and difficult to detect. Initial level exposure can lead to a headache, fatigue, nausea, shortness of breath and dizziness. High-level CO poisoning results in mental confusion, vomiting, loss of muscular coordination, loss of consciousness, and even death.
  6. Ammonia: Exposure to high level of ammonia can cause irritation to eyes, nose, and throat, as well as burning of skin where the contact is direct.
  7. Lead: When lead enters the body, it distributes itself throughout the body through the blood and accumulates in the bones. Depending on the level of exposure, lead can severely affect the nervous system, kidney function, immune system, reproductive and developmental systems and the cardiovascular systems. It also affects the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood. The most commonly seen problems in today's times are neurological effects in children and cardiovascular effects (high blood pressure and heart diseases) in adults.
  8. There are various other major pollutants found in air (specially inside homes). They are:
    • Pollen (5-100 microns) or allergens( allergy causing air particles)
    • Mold (2-20 microns)
    • Pet Dander (0.5-100 microns)
    • Dust Mite Debris (0.5-50 microns)
    • Bacteria (0.35-10 microns)

The above-mentioned pollutants make it necessary to use air purifiers to cleanse the air inside homes for a healthy living. To invest in an air purifier is an investment towards your health. Continuously breathing bad air can lead to numerous diseases; it can also worsen the condition of patients suffering from allergies, wheezing, asthma, etc. While you can't control the air outside, it becomes essential to clean the air of areas you spend the most time in- your home and office. It becomes even more important at home when you have young kids or babies, who are likely to catch disease faster than an adult.

Advantages of an air purifier are numerous. Buying an air purifying machine will cleanse the air and give you freedom from all the allergy causing agents. At homes and offices, doors and windows, which are an integral part of home designing these days, bring in a lot of outside air which has various pollens, bacteria, and dust particles. These particles more often than not, do not get an outlet to leave the premises and thus end up staying in your house/office. A purifier will remove these contaminants and give you a fresh and clean environment. The charcoal and carbon filters in the purifying machine help in neutralizing odors by absorbing gasses. It is equipped with advanced HEPA filters which are excellent for dealing with smells and trapping particles like typical allergens, e.g. mold spores, dust, and pollen. It has UV filters which are effective in killing living organisms, bacteria, and viruses through UV rays.

You cannot use a single air purifier to clean the air of your entire house. It's technology works best when it is concentrated in a small area, like your bedroom. For best results, a big office space must have more than one purifier, to get a perfect, clean and healthy air. To keep yourself fit and free from diseases, keeping your environment clean and free of bad bacteria is extremely important.

So wait no further, invest in an air purifier today.